A double-pendulum for example is in a state of
chaos most of the time. Chaos-theoreticians showed that
adaptable systems regulate themselves in such a way
that they are on the edges of chaos, for instance on the
level with eight possible states, which the system is
staggering between. For that reason have a look at the
8 heads of our model and often jump to and fro. You will
reach a sort of state of suspense on the edges of chaos
and get flexible in your thinking.
Thinking in polar, complementary or dialectic categories
is no invention of modern times. It was already embedded in
the traditional knowledge of old cultures. You probably know
the Ying/Yang - symbol.
It means that opposite poles complement and penetrate one another.
One does not exclude the other, as would have to be demanded in
formal logic. The dots on both sides symbolize the penetration. NILS
BOHR says: the opposite of truth is a lie, the opposite of deep truth
is a deep truth, too.
What does that mean while dealing with controversial problems in
ecology? There are a lot of contentious issues and sometimes it seems
certain that one side tells the truth and the other side lies. Sometimes,
however, and this is valid for all 8 heads of our model, both sides tell
a deep truth. Being in head 1 you are supposed to understand the viewpoints
of the other 7 heads. Like the two dots in the Ying/Yang - symbol they should
be a glimmering ray inside you. Then you will learn to distinguish this sort
of contrast from the other contrast between truth and lie. Think about it.
How can you see lies and deep truth? Give examples. Do not look for any general
plans of how to do it, but plans of how you would do it. Do not only ask with
your mind, but with your emotion too. Write down what is coming into your mind.
It's best to do it at once. Have another look at your notes tomorrow, polish up
the style and send the result to me.
My answer will include similar texts, written by other readers of this text.
With that we have come to the end of the topic eco-philosophy and I hope that
this text has aroused your interest in further studies of literature.